HSE Policy: Exploration and production of hydrocarbon involves risk and close interaction with surrounding environment. To safeguard the working and surrounding environment, ONGC has adopted a well defined HSE policy focusing on Occupational Health, Safe Operation and control of pollution.
Statutory Compliance: In carrying out its operations and safety requirements, ONGC abides by laws pertaining to oil and gas exploration and production in India, particularly the Directorate General of Mines Safety (DGMS) and Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD). All statutory consents are obtained under section 21 of Air Act, under section 25 of Water Act and Authorization under Rule 3(C) & 5(5) of the Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules for meeting operational requirements. All the stipulations are monitored and timely reported to the respective regulatory agencies.
ISO certified: All the installations of ONGC have an integrated management System based on requirements of ISO 9001, OHSAS 18001 and ISO 14001 and certified by third party. The integrated management system is in place since 2004. All operating facilities were certified to ISO 9001 since 2004-05. Today 412 nos. working units of have third party certified integrated QHSE Management System.
Corporate Environment Policy: The environment management system of ONGC is top driven, effective and vibrant. Top management commitment for prevention of pollution and protection of environment is evident in the exclusive Corporate Environment Policy statement stating the commitment.
Renewable energy: ONGC’s holistic focus on sustainable growth ensures its thrust on pursuing renewable sources of energy, decreasing our internal carbon footprint and exploring unconventional hydrocarbons. We are setting up a 102 MW Wind Farm in Rajasthan, in addition to a 51 MW Unit already working successfully in Bhuj, Gujarat. The planned investment is about INR 8 billion and the plant is likely to be commissioned by 2014-15.
Energy conservation: ONGC has well defined energy policy which focuses on various aspects of energy conservation. The introduction of environment friendly and energy efficient technologies led to an estimated savings of INR 409.23 Crores during 2011-12.
Green Building: ONGC acknowledges that buildings have major environmental impact over their entire life cycle. Hence, ONGC has taken up concept of constructing green building, the essence of which would be to address all these issues in an integrated and scientific manner with due compliance to the guidelines of GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment). As part of its commitment to sustainable development, ONGC has taken up development of Green Buildings at Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata & Dehradun. These buildings are expected to save 50 to 60% energy, save water by about 30%, harvest 100% rainwater and discharge zero sewage and as compared to baseline buildings.
Biodiversity Conservation: Apart from complying with the environmental legal requirements, ONGC, as a responsible corporate citizen has taken many initiatives to conserve nature and minimize impact of our operations. Various initiatives taken by ONGC in operational and outside operational areas are:
Mangrove Plantation: ONGC has undertaken massive mangrove plantation drive in operational areas. In the Phase 1 of the project, 12 lakh saplings and about 5 lakh seeds and propugules were planted in the erosion-prone area along the coast of the Dhadar river at Ankleshwar. Following the success of the Phase 1 of 'Mangrove Restoration and Conservation Education Project' at Ankleshwar, ONGC has gone for the continuation of the mangrove plantation at Ankleshwar and Hazira.
Ringal Plantation: We are working on a long-term project to plant Ringal Bamboo in the fragile Upper Himalayan Region which is also focus area outlined in National Action Plan for Climate Change by Prime Minister. This project extends over a period of 5 years and covers an area of 730 hectares.
Project Eastern Swamp Deer: ONGC is also working for protection of eco-system of the North-Eastern region of the country, particularly the state of Assam. The region of Kaziranga in upper Assam is home to the famed one horned Rhinoceros and the Eastern Swamp Deer. It is also home to only surviving pool of Eastern Swamp Deer found in the Kaziranga National Park.
Bioremediation: Accidental oil spillages and the tank bottom sludge generated during the routine operations do pose threat to the environment. ONGC hence decided to look for environmental friendly options for the disposal and treatment. ONGC explored the biotechnological option i.e. bioremediation wherein the indigenous microorganisms are isolated, enriched and harnessed on mass scale for application in the field. ONGC collaborated with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI, India) for supplying necessary technology and resources for carrying out the project on bioremediation.
Risk assessment and control
The ONGC has developed SMS based on OHSAS 18001 which is third party certified. All hazards are identified and associated risks are evaluated, quantified and brought to acceptable level through relevant work procedure & management plans. Emergency preparedness is part of the system.
ONGC follows five basic steps to manage its operational risk.
- Identify Hazard
- Assess Risk
- Decide Control Measures
- Implement Control Measures
- Monitors and Review
Institute of Engineering & Ocean Technology (IEOT) is the nodal agency for HAZOP & QRA studies in close association with Institute of Petroleum Safety Health and Environmental Management (IPSHEM), Institute of Oil and Gas Production Technology (IOGPT) and Institute of Drilling Technology (IDT)
Efforts taken to build and maintain safety & health culture at workplace
To imbibe HSE culture among ONGC employees various programme were undertaken across the organization. Safety awareness campaign is organized every year on the occasion of National Safety Day on 4th March. An online quiz at all work centers of ONGC was launched for employees by CMD and winners receive recognition certificate by CMD, ONGC for motivating them.
Apart from local safety awareness campaign, a complete organization level safety awareness campaigns are launched every year with specific themes. The details of some them are provided as below:
Humsafe Campaign: In the year 2012, “Humsafe” campaign is launched. It is a campaign which will spur everyone to think safety and act safely for himself and his team. ONGCians Promise of Humsafe: “To establish a Sustainable, Safe and World-Class working environment in ONGC, I promise to be safe myself & will leave no stone unturned for the safety of my team and colleagues”.
Contractor Safety Workshop: To improve upon the safety culture among contract workers, a series of workshops with participation by senior management of both ONGC as well as contractors was arranged during the period FY 2010-11 under the campaign "Safe Together – Tomorrow” and “Effective supervision is the Key."
Workshop on Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene: To promote 'Health is Wealth', a one-day workshop on 'Occupational Health and Industry Hygiene' was inaugurated on 23 December 2011 by Mr. A K Hazarika, former Director (Onshore) at New Delhi. Mr. Hazarika expressed that monitoring the health level of ONGC workforce was of paramount importance. Dr. Meena Shah of Medico Media, Ahmedabad, defined health as a dynamic integration of body, mind and spirit.
Emergency Response: The Oil and Gas Exploration & Production Activities are dangerous. Although built-in safety systems at the design stages greatly reduce the risk-fallout probabilities, we still are prepared adequately to plan for mitigating the consequences of such disasters by mobilizing internal and external resources. Site specific emergency response plan (ERP) for individual installation and Disaster Management Plan (DMP) at asset level is an integral part of emergency response. Offsite DMP plan at district level have also been made and approved by competent authorities. Corporate DMP is activated when the decision of top management are required with the involvement of and Govt. of India.
Dedicated Crisis Management team
Blowout Control and all other related jobs of Drilling, Workover and Production of various Assets & Basins are handled by 4 Regional Crisis Management Teams namely RCMT-Rajahmundry, Baroda, Sivasagar, Mumbai. All these 4 Teams will be headed by respective Head-RCMTs under the functional guidance of Head-CMT-Operations. Apart from the Mitigation of Blowouts, these teams are involved in Kick Circulation, Equipment Audit, Critical Well Reviews, Crew Trainings and Preparation of Contingency plans & SOPs etc. as part of preventive measures. The Team and Infrastructure at Mumbai, caters to the need of Mumbai Offshore.
Oil Spill Management:
ONGC has tier-1 capability of combating oil spills of upto 700 tons. Necessary booms, skimmers and chemicals are available for the purpose. For Tier-II, ONGC has inked MoU with MPT, JNPT & other oil companies for the implementation of the National Oil Spill Disaster Contingency Plan (NOS-DCP) in coordination with Indian Coast Guard. For combating oil spills of higher magnitude (Tier-III), membership of international response agency Oil Spill Response Limited (OSRL), U.K has been taken by ONGC.